The University of Sydney
Anatomy & Histology
Arnold's Glossary of Anatomy
by Dr. M. A. (Toby) Arnold
Modifications & Additions by Deborah Bryce
This anatomical word search engine is dedicated to the memory of
Maurice (Toby) Arnold
(type full word or first few letters)
: plural, Latin naris = nostril.
: Latin = nostril, plural - nares.
: adjective, Latin nasus = nose; hence, pertaining to the nose.
: adjective, Latin natus = born; hence, relating to birth.
: adjective, Latin navicula = a little ship (cf. naval); hence, the tarsal bone which is concave posteriorly, resembling a boat.
: Greek prefix - neos = new.
: adjective, Greek neos = new, and Latin natos = born; hence, new-born.
: Greek neos = new, and Latin pallium = cloak; hence, the cerebral cortex which developed more recently than the archipallium or olfactory cortex.
: Latin nervus = tendon; later reserved for a peripheral bundle of fibres which conduct impulses from or to the central nervous system.
: adjective, Greek neuron = nerve.
: Greek neuron = nerve, and gloia = glue; hence, the connective tissue of the central nervous system; adjective - neuroglial.
: or posterior lobe of hypophysis - Greek hypo = down, and physis = growth; hence, the posterior part of the hypophysis evaginated downwards from the diencephalon, and its stalk.
: Greek neuron = nerve, and lemma = peel or rind; hence, the covering layer of a nerve.
: Greek = nerve; refers to the nerve cell body, with its axon and dendrites; adjective - neuronal.
: Latin niger = black, dark.
: Latin nodus = knot.
: diminutive of Latin nodus = knot, hence, a little knot.
: Latin = pattern or rule, or aspect; adjective, normal - according to rule.
: an indentation in the margin of a structure. Etymology uncertain.
: Greek notos = back, and chorde = cord; hence, the primitive axial skeleton around which the vertebrae develop, parts persisting in the nuclei pulposi.
: French nuque = nape or back of the neck; adjective - nuchal.
: Latin = kernel or nut; may refer to the vital centre of a cell body, or to a cluster of neuron cells in the central nervous system; adjective - nuclear.
: Greek = drowsiness, to nod, hence, involuntary, rapid, rhythmic eye movements.